The roots of Georgia Tech’s Pride Alliance were established in 1982. From a small support based group to the activism and service based organization of today, the organization has grown tremendously while its members continually push for change.
Amidst homophobia, social intolerance, and a conservative 1988 campus, an SGA debate was vehemently argued for the charter of a certain organization that year, and it was passed by a single vote. The Gay and Lesbian Alliance, as it came to be known, was established and it began to work for the betterment of Georgia Tech’s gay and lesbian students. The organization slowly built up its dedicated members to create its enduring legacy, and GALA continued for many years as a support group for Tech students. As time passed however, the organization found itself trying to increasingly accomplish more, and its members took on the challenge of bringing GALA to new frontiers.
The Gay and Lesbian Alliance was renamed Pride Alliance, and its mission was now to serve the LGBTQIA and Ally community of Georgia Tech, rather than just GL students. The organization continued advocating for Tech’s LGBTQIA community through the year 2014, the year when the LGBTQIA Resource Center was established. Some of the responsibilities of Pride Alliance were migrated to this center, for its greater resources, and a direct connection to Georgia Tech’s establishment. The LGBTQIA Resource Center works with many campus resources to ensure protections for members of its community.
Pride Alliance today continues the advocacy of Tech’s LGBTQIA community, and continues the traditions of activism, volunteering, and providing safe spaces to its members. The organization is continuing to grow and has been working on housing initiatives, gender neutral bathroom policies, white papers, and social events for both members and outsiders. Pride Alliance is committed to serving the LGBTQIA people of Georgia Tech.
The Encyclopedia of Homosexuality has the following entry on LAMBDA:
“In the early 1970's in the wake of the Stonewall Rebellion, New York City's Gay Activist Alliance selected the Greek letter lambda, which member Tom Doerr suggested from its scientific use to designate Kinetic Potential, as its emblem. (Curiously, in some ancient Greek graffiti the capital lambda appeared with the meaning "fellate", representing the first letter of either "lambazein" or "laikazein.") Because of its militant associations, the lambda symbol has spread throughout the world. It sometime appears in the form of an amulet hung round the neck as a subtle sign of recognition which can "pass" among unknowing heterosexuals as a mere ornament. Such emblems may reflect a tendency among homosexuals toward "tribalization" as a distinct segment of society, one conceived as a quasi-ethnic group.
In More Man Than You'll Ever Be by Joseph P. Goodwin (Indiana University Press:Bloomington, 1989) on page 26, Goodwin writes:
The lowercase Greek letter lambda carries several meanings. First of all, it represents scales, and thus balance. The Greeks considered balance to be the constant adjustment necessary to keep opposing forces from overcoming each other. The hook at the bottom of the right leg of the lambda represents the action required to reach and maintain a balance. To the Spartans, the lambda meant unity. They felt that society should never infringe on anyone's individuality and freedom. The Romans adopted the letter to represent "the light of knowledge shed into the darkness of ignorance." Finally, in physics the symbol designates an energy change.
Thus the lambda, with all its meanings, is an especially apt symbol for the gay liberation movement, which energetically seeks a balance in society and which strives through enlightenment to secure equal rights for homosexual people.
It’s not easy to pinpoint one event as the beginning of a social movement, but many LGBTQIA people recognize the Stonewall Rebellion (June 28, 1969) as the single most important event leading to the fight for LGBT rights in the United States.
The event took place at Stonewall Inn (also a tavern and dance bar), located in Manhattan’s Greenwich Village across from Sheridan Square. In the early morning of June 28, 1969, a police raid was conducted at the inn, resulting in a mass uprising lasting through the weekend. Since there were laws against homosexuality in public, private businesses and gay establishments were regularly raided and shut down. The Morals Division of the New York Police Department entered the bar in the hopes of doing just that. The customers of Stonewall grew angry at this police harassment, and took a stand until a riot broke out. The situation continued to escalate so much that over 1000 people returned the next night to protest, and they rioted for hours before the police dispersed them with a riot control squad. Demonstrations in the city continued in the following days.
In 1969, strict gender codes in New York required people to wear clothes appropriate to their biological sex. Many people were harassed, arrested, assaulted, and raped by police officers for breaking these codes. The night of the incident, after New York Police presented the bar with a warrant charging the illegal serving of alcohol, the police threatened to shut down the bar and arrest all of its patrons. Those not wearing the legal number (three to be exact) of "gender appropriate" clothes would be doubly charged. As for how the riot started, some say a butch lesbian resisted arrest, others a young gay hustler, and some a drag queen, to which a fight ensued. Joined by the crowds outside, people started throwing coins and cobblestones at the police officers until a full scale riot began. Stories of the event suggested the paddy wagon fled the scene when it was to be tipped over, and that drag queens formed a chorus line mocking the officers. A torch was thrown then inside the bar, after which police called for reinforcements. The rioting continued through the weekend and its aftermath much longer. There are many suggested reasons for why this night in particular: the previous raids, the death of Judy Garland, the full moon, or the Mars retrograde. While the facts of the Stonewall Rebellion are disputed, this event was the culmination of a slowly forming movement. This act of resistance in face of oppression left many feeling invigorated and liberated, and sent a powerful message to the LGBT community.
The events of the Stonewall Rebellion have been remembered, by many communities, in the month of June since the year 1970. Pride is celebrated in June to honor the courage of those who resist and rebel in the face of oppression. Some members of the LGBT community lamented the use of violence, and the today there are nonviolent marches, demonstrations, and peaceful protests to push forward equal rights, same-sex marriage, spouse and children laws, adoption, and legislation to protect LGBTQIA people. The LGBTQIA community honors those who demonstrated at the Stonewall Rebellion, which was the beginning of Pride.
Gilbert Baker, a San Francisco artist, designed the first Rainbow flag in 1978, in response to a local activist's call for a community symbol. He designed a flag with eight stripes: pink, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. According to Baker, those colors represented sexuality, life, healing, sun, nature, art, harmony and spirit. The artist personally dyed and sewed the first flag, in the spirit of Betsy Ross, and was soon approached by San Francisco's Paramount Flag Company, who wanted to produce and market his "gay flag". Unfortunately, Baker had hand-dyed all the colors and because hot pink dye wasn’t commercially available, mass production of his eight-stripe version was impossible. so the flag was reduced to seven strips.
In November 1978, San Francisco's LGBT community was shocked by the assassination of Harvey Milk, the city's first openly gay supervisor. In the aftermath of this tragedy, the 1979 San Francisco Pride Parade Committee decided to use Baker's flag to demonstrate the gay community's strength and solidarity . The committee eliminated the indigo stripe so they could divide the colors evenly among the parade route— three colors on one side of the street and three on the other. Soon the six colors were incorporated into the flag that remains in use by LGBTQIA people today, and is officially recognized by the International Congress of Flag Makers.